francesca woodman

very inspirering images by photographer Francesca Woodman. black and white, raw locations, the lightening, the nudity. also the blurred effects and the motions you find in many of her images. her images makes me curious.

Francesca Woodman has remained fairly unknown until recently, with her first ever London based solo exhibition which opened earlier this year at the Victoria Miro Gallery. Although her creative career had been short-lived - committing suicide at the age of 22 - considering she’d taken her first portrait at the age of thirteen she left a large span of work culminating to almost 800 images.
Francesca Woodman made her first photographic works at the early age of thirteen and from the beginning her body was both the subject and object in her work, showing it in various stages of transformation, deformation, alteration and effacement.  The very first photograph taken by Woodman, Self-portrait at Thirteen (1972), shows the artist sitting at the end of a sofa in an un-indentified space, wearing a oversized jumper and jeans, arm loosely hanging on the armrest, her face obscured by a curtain of hair and the foreground blurred by sudden movement, one hand holding a cable linked to the camera. In this first image the main characteristics at the core of Woodman's short career are clearly visible, her focus on the relationship with her body as both the object of the gaze and the acting subject behind the camera.

The body of the artist is often absorbed by the plaster on the walls or wallpaper, hiding behind furniture and stray objects, playing with its own shadow, hanging from doors and windows. Often nude apart from variety of props covering her body, the artist is frequently postioned in empty or sparsely furnished environments, characterised by rough surfaces, cracked mirrors and old, worn out furniture. As in the self-portrait at thirteen, various photographs demonstrate the absence of the face, if not covered by hair or objects, cut by the framing, hidden by masks or made invisible by turn or twist of the neck or bust. In other images Woodman appears almost like a shadow, blurred and out of focus as from the works from Space2 series in which she appears in an empty room with nothing else except for her moving body. In rare coloured photographs from the end of her career in New York, Woodman is seen in a softly hued space, appearing in a mirrored reflection, or clinging on to a doorframe, her face again hidden by her hair. Despite the similarity in subject matter and composition, these works present a contrast to the black and white images so associated with the artist's work.

Photographic strategies used by Woodman along with the exploration of the photographic media itself distances her work from those of her contemporaries she has often been linked with - Hannah Wilke, Eleanor Antin or Ana Mendieta - for whom the photograph was more of a documentary imprint of their actions rather than an artwork in itself.  Whilst revealing interest in the process and an exploration of identity and subjectivity and with signs of performativity, with seriality and repetition, the scenes enacted by Woodman seem pre-conceived for the camera. Despite the kind of practice that argues a kind of a disappearance at its very core, Woodman as the acting subject - the producer of meaning - is inarguably present.

Up until her untimely death in 1981, aged just 22, Francesca Woodman produced an extraordinary body of work acclaimed for its singularity of style and range of innovative techniques. Woodman studied at Rhode Island School of Design, from 1975 to 1979, receiving a grant to spend a year in Rome to continue her studies. Whilst there she produced an extensive body of work and had her first solo exhibition at a bookshop and gallery specializing in Surrealism and Futurism. 

Since 1986, Woodman's work has been exhibited widely and has been the subject of extensive critical study in the United States and Europe. Large solo presentations of Woodman's work include an exhibition curated by the Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain, Paris in 1998 touring to venues including Kunsthall, Rotterdam; The Photographers Gallery, London and Douglas Hyde Gallery, Ireland. Woodman's work has featured in many international group exhibitions and is represented in collections including The Metropolitan Museum of Art; The Whitney Museum of American Art; MoMA; Detroit Institute of Arts and Fondation Cartier pour l'art contemporain. Francesca Woodman will have a large retrospective at SF MoMA, San Francisco in 2011, travelling to Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York in 2012.


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